UN Security Council Identifies Additional Companies Subject to Sanctions

[On 16 April 2012, the United Nations Security Council adopted a Presidential Statement to condemn North Korea’s failed missile launch. This directed the DPRK Sanctions Committee (“1718 Committee”) to impose new sanctions and tighten enforcement of existing sanctions on the DPRK. On Monday, 2 May 2012, the Committee identified three new North Korean companies for sanctions, updated information on the Committee’s lists of prohibited nuclear and ballistic missile technology, and clarified the Committee’s annual work plan. The following is the text of Security Council document SC/10633. –CanKor]

Security Council Committee Determines Entities, Goods Subject to Measures Imposed on Democratic People’s Republic of Korea by Resolution 1718 (2006)

On 16 April 2012, by its presidential statement (S/PRST/2012/13), the Security Council agreed to adjust the measures imposed by paragraph 8 of resolution 1718 (2006), as modified by resolution 1874 (2009). The Security Council further directed the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006) to undertake these tasks and to report to the Security Council within 15 days.

On 2 May 2012, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006) designated the following three entities to be subject to the provisions of and the measures imposed in paragraph 8(d) of resolution 1718 (2006):

1. AMROGGANG DEVELOPMENT BANKING CORPORATION

  • Description: Amroggang, which was established in 2006, is a Tanchon Commercial Bank-related company managed by Tanchon officials. Tanchon plays a role in financing KOMID’s sales of ballistic missiles and has also been involved in ballistic missile transactions from KOMID to Iran’s Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG). Tanchon Commercial Bank was designated by the Committee in April 2009 and is the main DPRK financial entity for sales of conventional arms, ballistic missiles and goods related to the assembly and manufacture of such weapons. KOMID was designated by the Committee in April 2009 and is the DPRK’s primary arms dealer and main exporter of goods and equipment related to ballistic missiles and conventional weapons. The Security Council designated SHIG in resolution 1737 (2006) as an entity involved in Iran’s ballistic missile programme.
  • Location: Tongan-dong, Pyongyang, DPRK
  • A.K.A.: AMROGGANGDEVELOPMENT BANK; AMNOKKANG DEVELOPMENT BANK

2. GREEN PINE ASSOCIATED CORPORATION

  • Description: Green Pine Associated Corporation (“Green Pine”) has taken over many of the activities of the Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID). KOMID was designated by the Committee in April 2009 and is the DPRK’s primary arms dealer and main exporter of goods and equipment related to ballistic missiles and conventional weapons.
    Green Pine is also responsible for approximately half of the arms and related materiel exported by the DPRK.
    Green Pine has been identified for sanctions for exporting arms or related material from North Korea. Green Pine specializes in the production of maritime military craft and armaments, such as submarines, military boats and missile systems, and has exported torpedoes and technical assistance to Iranian defence-related firms.
  • Location: c/o Reconnaissance General Bureau Headquarters, Hyongjesan-Guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea; Nungrado, Pyongyang, DPRK
  • A.K.A.: CHO’NGSONG UNITED TRADING COMPANY; CHONGSONG YONHAP; CH’O’NGSONG YO’NHAP; CHOSUN CHAWO’N KAEBAL T’UJA HOESA; JINDALLAE; KU’MHAERYONG COMPANY LTD; NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTMENT CORPORATION; SAEINGP’IL COMPANY

3. KOREA HEUNGJIN TRADING COMPANY

  • Description: The Korea Heungjin Trading Company is used by KOMID for trading purposes. We suspect it has been involved in supplying missile-related goods to Iran’s Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG). Heungjin has been associated with KOMID, and, more specifically, KOMID’s procurement office. Heungjin has been used to procure an advanced digital controller with applications in missile design. KOMID was designated by the Committee in April 2009 and is the DPRK’s primary arms dealer and main exporter of goods and equipment related to ballistic missiles and conventional weapons. The Security Council designated SHIG in resolution 1737 (2006) as an entity involved in Iran’s ballistic missile programme.
  • Location: Pyongyang, DPRK
  • A.K.A.: HUNJIN TRADING CO., KOREA HENJIN TRADING CO., KOREA HENGJIN TRADING COMPANY

The Committee also determined that the items, materials, equipment, goods and technology related to ballistic missile programmes in document S/2012/235 shall be subject to the measures imposed in paragraphs 8(a), (b) and (c) of resolution 1718 (2006).

Furthermore, the Committee determined that the items contained in document INFCIRC/254/Rev.10/Part1 shall be subject to the measures imposed in paragraphs 8(a), (b) and (c) of resolution 1718 (2006).

On the same date, the Committee also adopted its programme of work.

The lists of entities, goods and individuals are available on the Committee’s website, http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1718/index.shtml.

Statement by the President of the United Nations Security Council

[The following is Statement number S/PRST/2012/13 taken from the UN Security Council website. Distr.: General, 16 April 2012, Original: English. -CanKor]

(photo by UN)

At the 6752nd meeting of the Security Council, held on Monday, 16 April 2012, in connection with the Council’s consideration of the item entitled “Non-proliferation/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea”, the President of the Security Council made the following statement on behalf of the Council:

“The Security Council strongly condemns the 13 April 2012 (local time) launch by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

“The Security Council underscores that this satellite launch, as well as any launch that uses ballistic missile technology, even if characterized as a satellite launch or space launch vehicle, is a serious violation of Security Council resolutions 1718 (2006) and 1874 (2009).

“The Security Council deplores that such a launch has caused grave security concerns in the region. Read the rest of this entry »

Double Down on North Korea’s Bluff by Carl Baker

[A great deal of effort has been expended in the past days on the question of how the USA should respond to the latest North Korean ballistic bluff. Is there any alternative to yet another fruitless cycle of condemnation and provocation? Carl Baker, Director of Programs at Pacific Forum CSIS published an interesting suggestion in PacNet #18A on Monday, 19 March 2012. Why not call the bluffer’s bluff? Of course, during a US election year, that course of action would be hard for the Obama Administration to sell domestically. Yet it does seem to suggest a direction towards a more rational policy option than those proposed by the usual suspects. –CanKor]

The instinctive reaction to last week’s announcement by North Korea that it plans to launch a satellite next month was to denounce it as a violation of the “Leap Day deal.” That arrangement involved “simultaneous unilateral announcements” offering nutritional assistance from the US while North Korea promised to place a moratorium on its nuclear program, including long-range missile launches.

We all know what will happen next. The US demands additional sanctions, North Korea withdraws from its part of the bargain, and tensions increase. Let me suggest a way to avoid another rerun: rather than insisting that the launch violates the long-range missile launch moratorium, Washington should test the North Korean claim that it is launching a satellite and not a missile by accepting Pyongyang’s offer to allow experts and journalists to observe the launch. Read the rest of this entry »

CanKor Brain Trust member appointed to UN experts panel

CanKor extends heartfelt congratulations to Brain Trust member and former UK ambassador to the DPRK John Everard for his appointment to the Panel of Experts created by the UN Security Council in UN Security Council Resolution 1874 (after the DPRK’s May 2009 nuclear test).  The Panel assists the UN Committee established after the first nuclear test (the “1718 Committee”) in carrying out its mandate; gathers, examines and analyses information relevant to implementing the measures agreed by the Security Council; and recommends actions to improve their implementation.  He will be based in New York but will travel extensively because the Panel frequently inspects shipments of banned goods that have been intercepted by member states.

Unanswered Questions: Why intensified military exercizes?

President George W. Bush embraces South Korean...

George Bush embraces Lee Myung-bak

Is the reason behind the current war exercises and “new” sanctions the fact that the UNSC did not come out with as hard-line a statement as Seoul expected?

Is the USA supporting these aggressive activities at this time so that they can get South Korea to back off the throttle when it becomes necessary to return to the negotiating table?

Will aggravating China spill over to other US priorities in the region if they don’t do something to repair the Washington-Beijing relationship in the near future?

Will the USA continue to let the Lee Myung-bak administration drive policy toward North Korea, or (now that the USA has given the ROK as much public support as they can) will the USA try to push the ROK into a more moderate stance behind the scenes?

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