The North Korea Food Aid Dilemma by Toni Johnson

[This analysis brief – really a summary of the arguments about food aid to the DPRK, with useful links interspersed – was compiled by Toni Johnson, Senior Staff Writer for the Council on Foreign Relations and published on the CFR website on 2 June 2011. –CanKor.]

A Chinese frontier policeman checks sacks of rice from South Korea, which will be sent to North Korea. (Stringer/Courtesy Reuters)

A U.S. team in North Korea is soon expected to present findings on whether or not the country is facing a new food crisis. Robert King, U.S. special envoy to North Korea, told the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on June 2 that the Obama administration has not made a decision on resuming food aid–suspended in 2009–but, if it does, aid will be based on need and include monitoring requirements.

North Korea’s food situation has been a topic of considerable debate in recent months. The UN World Food Programme found in March that, due to a brutal winter and crop failures, the country could run out of food and needs more than four hundred thousand metric tons of food aid (PDF) to feed the country’s six million most vulnerable. Former president Jimmy Carter echoed the plea for new aid (BBC) a month later. But South Korea’s intelligence agency argues the North’s situation is no worse than it has been (AP) in the last two years and fears of a crisis are overblown. Read the rest of this entry »

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